Literature Review: Relationship of Physical Activity with Quality of Life of Hypertension Patients
Background: Hypertension is defined as a silent killer disease because most of the symptoms are difficult to recognize and even asymptomatic. One of the problems caused by hypertension is a change in the quality of life. The quality of life of someone who has hypertension will be worse than someone who has normal blood pressure. Physical activity is highly recommended for people with hypertension to improve their quality of life.
Purpose: To summarize the relationship between physical activity and quality of life in patients with hypertension.
Method: This literature review was done by analyzing related literature sources obtained from medical journal databases, such as Google Scholar and PubMed that were published in 2012-2021. The articles analyzed were electronic-based journals in the form of full English articles. Those literature are selected by applying inclusion criteria, namely hypertension patients, and using quality of life as the dependent variable.A total of 10 research papers out were extracted which were according to our topic of review after screening title, abstract, and article content.
Result: 10 related journals show that physical activity affects the quality of life of a patient with hypertension. 4 journals show significant changes in the quality of life in people who do physical activity in the form of aerobic exercises such as walking and brisk walking. Patients with hypertension who are physically active have a higher quality of life than those who are not physically active. The assessment of the quality of life is subjective because it can be influenced by age and gender.
Conclusion: The results of this review show that there is a close correlation between physical activity and improving the quality of life in patients with hypertension, especially in the domain of physical health.