Effectiveness of video assisted teaching on knowledge and self-reported practice regarding care of foot among patients with Diabetes Mellitus.
India ranks second in the world with 65.1 million diabetic patients. Diabetic Foot ulcers are a common complication of poorly controlled diabetes, forming as a result of skin tissue breaking down and exposing the layers underneath. The practice of diabetic foot care including daily foot examination and use of appropriate footwear is considered important in its early detection and prevention of complications.
Title of the study: “Effectiveness of video assisted teaching on knowledge and self-reported practice regarding care of foot among patients with Diabetes Mellitus.
Methodology: The experimental design with purposive sampling is used for study. Sample size was 60 for the study. Tool consists 3 sections; section A consisting Consent form, Performa for collecting demographic data, Performa for collecting clinical profile and Section B consist structured questionnaire regarding care of foot in Diabetes mellitus.
Results: In experimental group Majority of the 50% participants are from the age group 51-65 years. Maximum of the 60% participants were female . Majority 86.67% of patients live in urban areas. Most of the 46.67% patients take diabetic diet. According to source of knowledge about DM majority 90% participants get knowledge from doctor. According to technology used for information majority 33% used TV. In control group pre-test mean knowledge score was 10.73±2.42 which was not increased in post-test mean knowledge score 11.86±2.03. In experimental group pre-test mean knowledge score was 8.63±2.55 which was increased in post-test mean knowledge score to 16.50±2.60. For effectiveness the value of t is 3.378623 and the value of p is .00209. The result is significant at p < .05. Statistically there is no association with level of knowledge and practice on care of foot among patients with DM and demographic variables.
Conclusion: Thevideo assisted teaching is effective in increasing knowledge & practice regarding care of foot among patient with diabetes mellitus.