Ankylosing Spondylitis Plus Spinal Cord Injury: The Causes, The Occurrence, The Treatment, and The Prevention
In its early stages of development, AS is described as a chronic, inflammatory arthritic disorder that damages the vertebral column, and the sacroiliac joints of the lower spine and pelvis. Gradually worsening over time, the disease process results in substantial remodeling of the spinal axis, which includes ligamentous ossification and vertebral joint fusion, as well as osteopenia and kyphosis. Because of these degenerative alterations, the vertebral column becomes weaker, increasing the likelihood of fractures and spinal cord damage (SCI). The instability of AS vertebral column fractures typically exacerbates spinal cord injury. SCI is also linked to a greater risk of undiagnosed fractures in the ankylosed spine, and a higher frequency of spinal epidural bleeding, all of which enhance the intensity of SCI. The severity of the injury, the existence of related medical comorbidities, and the advanced age of the majority of patients with AS who suffer a SCI make spinal cord injury a complicated problem with high injury and death rates in patients with AS
Objectives:To research the factors that increase the incidence of vertebral segment fractures and SCI in patients with AS, as well as to discuss the administration of SCI in these individuals. SCI in individuals with AS is also discussed, as well as important countermeasures.