Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Caregivers of Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis at TB Sanitorium Kotri

Authors

  • Dr. Kanwal Abbas, Nimerta Kumari, Dr. Fahmida Gul, Dr. Farhana Rajpar, Dr. Waseemullah Sheikh, Dr. Pushpa Goswami

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate active pulmonary tuberculosis among caregivers of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis at TB Sanitorium, Kotri.

Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive study was piloted from July 2017 to December 2017, a total 80 care givers selected by convenient sampling.  All the asymptomatic caregivers, of any gender/ age with patient at any time from date of admission to discharge of patient included in this study while those who had past history of TB diagnosed/treated or with symptoms were omitted. Care givers fill the predesigned questionnaire, and then investigated for TB with blood complete picture, Sputum AFB and X-ray chest.

Result: Among the total Study population (n=80), frequency (%) of rural population, age over 40 years, relatives and in contact with patient for less than 06 months were in majority. Among the caregivers (n=80), 52(65%) were AFB positive while 28(35%) found with AFB negative, while chest x ray finding observed as apical cavitation, apical consolidation and other TB findings among 41(51.25%), 36 (45%) and 3(3.75%) caregivers Sputum AFB  findings compared with chest x ray findings of caregivers by applying chi square  test. Statistically significant association has been observed for AFB positive caregivers with gender of caregiver and residential area (p value <0.01 by chisquare test) while no significant association has been found with period of contact and age of caregiver.

Conclusion:This study revealed higher frequency of TB chest x ray findings and AFB positivity among family /friend caregivers in contact with active TB cases.

Published

2022-01-07

How to Cite

Dr. Kanwal Abbas, Nimerta Kumari, Dr. Fahmida Gul, Dr. Farhana Rajpar, Dr. Waseemullah Sheikh, Dr. Pushpa Goswami. (2022). Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Caregivers of Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis at TB Sanitorium Kotri. Drugs and Cell Therapies in Hematology, 10(2), 160–167. Retrieved from https://www.dcth.org/index.php/journal/article/view/854

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