Case Report On Management Of Coloboma
Its eye begins to develop in the 22-day embryo when a On each side of the invaginating forebrain, a pair of shallow grooves appear. A series of events followed, including inductive and morphogenic events, cell proliferation and differentiation into mature tissue, and the creation of neural networks connecting the retina to higher brain centers. There will be structures such as the superior colliculus, lateral geniculate bodies, occipital lobes, and others. The optic vesicles, the optic cup, the choroidal fissure, the hyaloid artery, and the primitive retina are all in various stages of development. During the seventh week, the lips of the choroidal fissure merge, and the mouth of the optic cup becomes a circular aperture, the future pupil. The choroidal fissure normally closes around the seventh week of development, but failure to do so results in a permanent cleft.
Main symptoms and /or important clinical findings: A 9 yrs old patient was Admitted in AVBR hospital on dated 25/05/2021 with chief complaint of vision loss , optic nerve missing , Autonomic dysfunction is a fear of bright light and the inability to see clearly in it.
The main diagnoses, therapeutic interventions, and outcome: After physical examination early intervention programs are to be strongly advised to preserve maximum vision in all patient. In these patients, refractive errors need to be corrected using lenses. patient was treated with antibiotic and analgesics. Patching or the use of eyedrops that cause blurring of vision in the stronger eye for some time is often recommended
Conclusion : A chorioretinal coloboma is a congenital eye abnormality produced by an incorrect closure of the embryonic fissure. A vascular retinal tumour known as a retinal capillary hemangioma can occur spontaneously or as part of the von Hippellindau syndrome.